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FAQ.html

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<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="FAQ.xsl"?>

<faq>

<title>Frequently Asked Questions about the ClanLib Library</title>
<pre>$Id: FAQ.xml,v 1.14 2002/04/07 11:00:04 sphair Exp $</pre>

<h1>Frequently Asked Questions about the ClanLib Library</h1>

<p>This document tries to answer questions a user might have when installing and
using ClanLib. Please make sure you read this before sending questions or bug
reports to the maintainers.</p>

<p>If you have any questions you think should be answered in this document, or find
any errors or outdated information, please read the README document to find out where
to direct your questions.</p>

<h2>Compiling under Linux</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>When I try to compile ClanLib, I get errors regarding that try, catch and throw are reserved C++ keywords.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>My C++ compiler wants exceptions to be enabled with -fhandle-exceptions.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I get an "Internal compiler error" message from my C++ compiler.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>Try upgrading your compiler to a newer version.</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>When compiling it complains that it cannot open shared object libclanCore...
  		<pre>
error in loading shared libraries: libclanCore.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Chances are you installed the ClanLib libraries into /usr/local/lib, but
      /usr/local/lib isn't present in the /etc/ld.so.conf. You can choose to
      install in a directory that IS present in /etc/ld.so.conf or choose to add
      /usr/local/lib to /etc/ld.so.conf. Remember to run ldconfig as root afterwards.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I'm using PGCC, and I get error while compiling a file called virtch.c.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I'm using Mandrake 6.x or earlier, and I get error while compiling a file called virtch.c.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>Open Setup/Unix/makefile.conf, search for -O3 and replace it with -O6.</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I'm using SuSE and am getting warnings about multiple common of...
<pre>
obj/Input.o: warning: multiple common of 'CL_InputAxis type_info node'
/usr/local/lib/libclan.so: warning: previous common is here
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
      To get rid of those annoying "multiple common..." warnings edit 
      /usr/lib/gcc-lib/i486-linux/egcs-???/specs. 

*lib
-warn-common%{share....

should be:

*lib
%{share...
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I'm using SuSE and cannot locate libz.so.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
zlib is called libgz.so on SuSE systems prior to 6.2. 
To fix, try this as root:

ln -s /usr/lib/libgz.so /usr/lib/libz.so
ldconfig

It creates a symlink and updates the library cache.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>My compiler dies with a 'MAP_FAILED undeclared' message.</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
We've had reports from people using the Slackware Linux distribution that
the compile fails because MAP_FAILED is undefined. This is supposed to be
in sys/mman.h as a return value of mmap(), but apparently isn't on some
systems. We don't know if this is a Slackware problem or a libc5/kernel
issue, but feel free to enlighten us.

Until then, we recommend pasting the following code into your
/usr/include/sys/mman.h, or in some other headerfile if you prefer not to
muck with your system header files (or don't have permissions?)
<pre>
#ifndef MAP_FAILED
#define MAP_FAILED ((__ptr_t) -1)
#endif
</pre>
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I use Slack 7 and getting errors about cannot specify -o with -c or -S...
<pre>
      Sources/Core/Display/Generic/cliprect.cpp g++: cannot specify -o with -c
      or -S and multiple compilations
      make: *** [Libs/Intermediate/cliprect.o]
      Error 1
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The problem is that configure fails at detecting where X11 is installed.
This means that Makefile.conf gets a faulty "-I -I" and an empty "-L". If
you remove those in Makefile.conf, then your compile should preceed without
problems. (Or better, modify configure to correctly locate X11, and send us
a patch).
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Installing under Linux</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>When trying to install the ClanLib rpms I get failed dependencies...
<pre>
failed dependencies:
libstdc++-libc6.1-1.so.2 is needed by ClanLib-...
libm.so.6(GLIBC_2.1) is needed by ClanLib-...
libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.0) is needed by ClanLib-...
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
You don't have a new enough version of glibc. This usually happens when
using the RPM's on a RedHat 5.x system, while the rpms were compiled on RH 6.0.

You need to install these (or newer) RPM's: (get them from RedHat's site)

<pre>
rpm -i glib-1.2.1-2.i386.rpm
rpm -i glibc-2.1.1-6.i386.rpm --upgrade
rpm -i libstdc++-2.9.0-12.i386.rpm
</pre>

This will enable you to use most RedHat 6.0 RPMs on the net, not just ClanLib's.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Running under Linux</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>What is required to run ClanLib games under Linux ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
ClanLib, Hermes and zlib is required to run games under Linux, unless they are statically linked
to your game.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I've installed Hermes, but when I try and run any ClanLib appliction, I
get errors about cannot open shared object file libHermes...
<pre>
error in loading shared libraries: libHermes.so.1: cannot open shared
object file: No such file or directory
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Upgrade to latest Hermes (as FAQ was written this was version 1.3.x).
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>How can I use fullscreen with ClanLib under Linux using GGI target?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Set the following environment variable before you start the game:
<pre>
$ export GGI_DISPLAY=dga
</pre>
Note that you will have to run the game as root or setuid root for this to work.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Compiling under Windows</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I try to compile an app using ClanLib under Visual C++ and it gets
unresolved external symbol _main...
<pre>
Linking...
LIBCD.lib(crt0.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol _main
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
You have to create a Win32 Application project and not a Win32 Console
Application. Otherwise, add the linker option "/entry:WinMainCRTStartup"
to your project options.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I try to compile an app using ClanLib under Visual C++ and it gets
unresolved external symbol _WinMain...
<pre>
Linking...
LIBCD.lib(crt0.obj) : error LNK2001: unresolved external symbol
_WinMain@16
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>TODO: Link to installation guide</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>When I compile ClanLib, I get messages about "Directory already exists"</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>When I compile ClanLib, I get warnings about __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR...
<pre>
ddraw.lib(DDRAW.dll) : warning LNK4006: __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR already defined in winmm.lib(WINMM.dll); second definition ignored
dsound.lib(DSOUND.dll) : warning LNK4006: __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR already defined in winmm.lib(WINMM.dll); second definition ignored
dinput.lib(DINPUT.dll) : warning LNK4006: __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR already defined in winmm.lib(WINMM.dll); second definition ignored
wsock32.lib(WSOCK32.dll) : warning LNK4006: __NULL_IMPORT_DESCRIPTOR already defined in winmm.lib(WINMM.dll); second definition ignored
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>Ignore these warnings, they are non-fatal.</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I get errors about conflicts with the library "LIBCMT"
<pre>
LINK : warning LNK4098: defaultlib "LIBCMT" conflicts with use of other libs; use /NODEFAULTLIB:library
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Enter the project settings, in the Link section, select the Input category, and
write "libcmt" to the Ignore Libraries section.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>How can I compile ClanLib under Win32 using an other compiler than Visual C++?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>Can I use the windows binaries with another compiler than Visual C++?</i></td></tr>

<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
ClanLib does not currently officially support anything but Microsoft Visual C++
under Windows. But it should be possible to use ClanLib with other
compilers. Recently support for Borland C was added, but in an experimental state.

If people want to use another compiler together with ClanLib, notice
that there are some things you need to be aware of:

1. You probably cannot use the win32 binaries. Because there is no standard on
the symbol names used, it will be only Visual C++ 6.0 that those are
guaranteed to work with.

2. You will have to make your own makefiles or projectfiles.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>What is the configure app ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
In the source package, there is a workspace called Configure.dsw. It
produces the real ClanLib workspace and project files based on some questions
asked in a MFC Wizard. This configure app should always be run after a ClanLib
update, and of course when compiling ClanLib for the first time.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Running under Windows</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>What is required to run ClanLib games under Windows?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Nothing except your game, as all libraries will be statically linked into your game.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>How do I get a console window under Windows to print debug information ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
You can add this code to your app:
<pre>
// Create a console window for text-output if not available
CL_ConsoleWindow console("Console");
console.redirect_stdio();

.... rest of app ....

// Display console close message and wait for a key
console.display_close_message();
</pre>
Otherwise, you can specify the following linker options for a standard Win32
Application project:
<pre>
/entry:"WinMainCRTStartup" /subsystem:console
</pre>
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Installing under BeOS</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I'm using BeOS, where do I have to put the ClanLib libraries in order to 
     	compile anything using them - configure won't recognize their existence?
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
      Put them into /boot/beos/system/lib - It is not a good place for user 
      		installed libs but they are recognized there.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I can't get the BeOS port to work!</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The BeOS port is currently work-in-progress, and its not expected to work yet.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Programming issues</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I want to create a font using resource, but I get a problem when the font
      contains the letters ,;#{}()="
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Enclose the letters in ", and use "" to specify ".
Example: ... (type=font, ..., letters="abcdef0123456,;""#{}()=");
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>How do I get access to the frame buffer?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Most likely you only want access to surface data and this can be
accomplished by using surface->get_provider()->get_data() after locking
the provider. Don't forget to surface->reload() if you changed the data.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>Are there plans to add support for Alpha blending?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
We do support alpha blending. Just load an image with alpha values, and
it will alpha blend when put_screen'ed.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>

<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>What happened to the Datafilecompiler since 0.3.0 ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The datafile compiler is now part of your executable. So if your app
executable is called FooBar, your produce it like this:
<pre>
./FooBar -datafile FooBar.scr FooBar.dat
</pre>
and with Windows:
<pre>
FooBar.exe -datafile FooBar.scr FooBar.dat
</pre>
If you want the makefile to build it, do something like this:
<pre>
FooBar.dat: FooBar FooBar.scr
./FooBar -datafile FooBar.scr FooBar.dat

FooBar: $(OBJF)
g++ -o FooBar $(OBJF) -lclanCore

all: FooBar FooBar.dat
</pre>

If you're using Windows, you enter the project settings menu, and add a
custom build to FooBar (top tree node), and write the following:
<pre>
$(INPUTPATH) -datafile FooBar.scr FooBar.dat
</pre>
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>What happened to the internal datafilecompiler since 0.5.0 ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>How do I compile the datafiles ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
Please read the file README.upgrade on how to upgrade your app from earlier versions.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
When I try to run my ClanLib program, it tells me there is no global
CL_ClanApplication instance...
<pre>
ClanLib: No global CL_ClanApplication instance!!!
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The CL_ClanApplication class must be inherited by all ClanLib
applications. In your application you must create a class inheriting
CL_ClanApplication, make a global instance of it, and fill in the main() and
get_title() functions. 
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I don't think the datafile compiler should be in our app!</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
There is a technical reason that the compiler was made a part of the app:
custom resources. It is possible for apps to create their own types of
resources, and therefore its neccessary that the datafilecompiler is in the
app.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>Why is alpha blending really really slow on windows?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The windows version of ClanLib uses DirectDraw for 2d graphics. ClanLib 
instructs DirectDraw per default to create the backbuffer (the screen) in
video memory. Reading from video memory (which obviously is required when
alpha blending) is really really slow on most graphics cards. One possible
solution if you have to use a lot of alpha blending, you can try to call
CL_Display::set_videomode() with the 'video_memory' flag set to false.
This will create the backbuffer in system memory, which might increase 
performance.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>
I'm getting an error while using the resources.
It says: Unknown type 'surface' declared for resource 'Graphics/maptiles'
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
unknown type 'surface' means that you didn't initialise clanDisplay.
The different resource types must be registered before trying to access
the resource file, and this is done in eg. CL_SetupDisplay::init().
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>CVS</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>I run WinCVS, and it exits with code 0...
<pre>
*****CVS exited normally with code 0******

What do I do wrong ?
</pre>
</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>Nothing, this simply means everything went OK.</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


<h2>Misc</h2>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>Where ClanLib name came from? What's the clan for?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>
The Clan prefix originates from the term "The Norddahl Clan". On the old
fido net, we were called this because we always shared the same opinions.
</td></tr>
</table><br><br>
<table>
<tr><td valign=top>Question:</td><td><i>Is there a searchable archive for ClanLib mailing lists ?</i></td></tr>
<tr><td valign=top>Answer:</td><td>No.</td></tr>
</table><br><br>


</faq>
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