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README

NAME
    HTTP::Lite - Lightweight HTTP implementation

SYNOPSIS
        use HTTP::Lite;
        $http = HTTP::Lite->new;
        $req = $http->request("http://www.cpan.org/") 
            or die "Unable to get document: $!";
        print $http->body();

DESCRIPTION
        HTTP::Lite is a stand-alone lightweight HTTP/1.1 implementation
        for perl.  It is not intended as a replacement for the
        fully-features LWP module.  Instead, it is intended for use in
        situations where it is desirable to install the minimal number of
        modules to achieve HTTP support, or where LWP is not a good
        candidate due to CPU overhead, such as slower processors.
        HTTP::Lite is also significantly faster than LWP.

        HTTP::Lite is ideal for CGI (or mod_perl) programs or for bundling
        for redistribution with larger packages where only HTTP GET and
        POST functionality are necessary.

        HTTP::Lite supports basic POST and GET operations only.  As of
        0.2.1, HTTP::Lite supports HTTP/1.1 and is compliant with the Host
        header, necessary for name based virtual hosting.  Additionally,
        HTTP::Lite now supports Proxies.

        As of 2.0.0 HTTP::Lite now supports a callback to allow processing
        of request data as it arrives.  This is useful for handling very
        large files without consuming memory.

        If you require more functionality, such as FTP or HTTPS, please
        see libwwwperl (LWP).  LWP is a significantly better and more
        comprehensive package than HTTP::Lite, and should be used instead
        of HTTP::Lite whenever possible.

CONSTRUCTOR
    new This is the constructor for HTTP::Lite. It presently takes no
        arguments. A future version of HTTP::Lite might accept parameters.

METHODS
    request ( $url, $data_callback, $cbargs )
        Initiates a request to the specified URL.

        Returns undef if an I/O error is encountered, otherwise the HTTP
        status code will be returned. 200 series status codes represent
        success, 300 represent temporary errors, 400 represent permanent
        errors, and 500 represent server errors.

        See http://www.w3.org/Protocols/HTTP/HTRESP.html for detailled
        information about HTTP status codes.

        The $data_callback parameter, if used, is a way to filter the data
        as it is received or to handle large transfers. It must be a
        function reference, and will be passed: a reference to the instance
        of the http request making the callback, a reference to the current
        block of data about to be added to the body, and the $cbargs
        parameter (which may be anything). It must return either a reference
        to the data to add to the body of the document, or undef.

        If set_callback is used, $data_callback and $cbargs are not used.
        $cbargs may be either a scalar or a reference.

        The data_callback is called as: &$data_callback( $self, $dataref,
        $cbargs )

        An example use to save a document to file is:

          # Write the data to the filehandle $cbargs
          sub savetofile {
            my ($self,$phase,$dataref,$cbargs) = @_;
            print $cbargs $$dataref;
            return undef;
          }

          $url = "$testpath/bigbinary.dat";
          open OUT, '>','bigbinary.dat';
          $res = $http->request($url, \&savetofile, OUT);
          close OUT;

    set_callback ( $functionref, $dataref )
        At various stages of the request, callbacks may be used to modify
        the behaviour or to monitor the status of the request. These work
        like the $data_callback parameter to request(), but are more
        verstaile. Using set_callback disables $data_callback in request()

        The callbacks are called as: callback ( $self, $phase, $dataref,
        $cbargs )

        The current phases are:

          connect - connection has been established and headers are being
                    transmitted.

          content-length - return value is used as the content-length.  If undef,
                    and prepare_post() was used, the content length is
                    calculated.

          done-headers - all headers have been sent

          content - return value is used as content and is sent to client.  Return
                    undef to use the internal content defined by prepare_post().

          content-done - content has been successfuly transmitted.

          data - A block of data has been received.  The data is referenced by
                    $dataref.  The return value is dereferenced and replaces the
                    content passed in.  Return undef to avoid using memory for large
                    documents.

          done - Request is done.

    prepare_post ( $hashref )
        Takes a reference to a hashed array of post form variables to
        upload. Create the HTTP body and sets the method to POST.

    http11_mode ( 0 | 1 )
        Turns on or off HTTP/1.1 support. This is off by default due to
        broken HTTP/1.1 servers. Use 1 to enable HTTP/1.1 support.

    add_req_header ( $header, $value )
    get_req_header ( $header )
    delete_req_header ( $header )
        Add, Delete, or a HTTP header(s) for the request. These functions
        allow you to override any header. Presently, Host, User-Agent,
        Content-Type, Accept, and Connection are pre-defined by the
        HTTP::Lite module. You may not override Host, Connection, or Accept.

        To provide (proxy) authentication or authorization, you would use:

            use HTTP::Lite;
            use MIME::Base64;
            $http = HTTP::Lite->new;
            $encoded = encode_base64('username:password');
            $http->add_req_header("Authorization", $encoded);

        NOTE: The present implementation limits you to one instance of each
        header.

    body
        Returns the body of the document retured by the remote server.

    headers_array
        Returns an array of the HTTP headers returned by the remote server.

    headers_string
        Returns a string representation of the HTTP headers returned by the
        remote server.

    get_header ( $header )
        Returns an array of values for the requested header.

        NOTE: HTTP requests are not limited to a single instance of each
        header. As a result, there may be more than one entry for every
        header.

    protocol
        Returns the HTTP protocol identifier, as reported by the remote
        server. This will generally be either HTTP/1.0 or HTTP/1.1.

    proxy ( $proxy_server )
        The URL or hostname of the proxy to use for the next request.

    status
        Returns the HTTP status code returned by the server. This is also
        reported as the return value of *request()*.

    status_message
        Returns the textual description of the status code as returned by
        the server. The status string is not required to adhere to any
        particular format, although most HTTP servers use a standard set of
        descriptions.

    reset
        You must call this prior to re-using an HTTP::Lite handle, otherwise
        the results are undefined.

    local_addr ( $ip )
        Explicity select the local IP address. 0.0.0.0 (default) lets the
        system choose.

    local_port ( $port )
        Explicity select the local port. 0 (default and recommended) lets
        the system choose.

    method ( $method )
        Explicity set the method. Using prepare_post or reset overrides this
        setting. Usual choices are GET, POST, PUT, HEAD

EXAMPLES
        # Get and print out the headers and body of the CPAN homepage
        use HTTP::Lite;
        $http = HTTP::Lite->new;
        $req = $http->request("http://www.cpan.org/")
            or die "Unable to get document: $!";
        die "Request failed ($req): ".$http->status_message()
          if $req ne "200";
        @headers = $http->headers_array();
        $body = $http->body();
        foreach $header (@headers)
        {
          print "$header$CRLF";
        }
        print "$CRLF";
        print "$body$CRLF";

        # POST a query to the dejanews USENET search engine
        use HTTP::Lite;
        $http = HTTP::Lite->new;
        %vars = (
                 "QRY" => "perl",
                 "ST" => "MS",
                 "svcclass" => "dncurrent",
                 "DBS" => "2"
                );
        $http->prepare_post(\%vars);
        $req = $http->request("http://www.deja.com/dnquery.xp")
          or die "Unable to get document: $!";
        print "req: $req\n";
        print $http->body();

UNIMPLEMENTED
        - FTP 
        - HTTPS (SSL)
        - Authenitcation/Authorizaton/Proxy-Authorization
          are not directly supported, and require MIME::Base64.
        - Redirects (Location) are not automatically followed
        - multipart/form-data POSTs are not directly supported (necessary
          for File uploads).

BUGS
        Some broken HTTP/1.1 servers send incorrect chunk sizes
        when transferring files.  HTTP/1.1 mode is now disabled by
        default.

AUTHOR
    Roy Hooper <rhooper@thetoybox.org>

SEE ALSO
    LWP RFC 2068 - HTTP/1.1 -http://www.w3.org/

COPYRIGHT
    Copyright (c) 2000-2002 Roy Hooper. All rights reserved.

    Some parts copyright 2009 - 2010 Adam Kennedy.

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself.

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