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pam_listfile — deny or allow services based on an arbitrary file



pam_listfile is a PAM module which provides a way to deny or allow services
based on an arbitrary file.

The module gets the item of the type specified -- user specifies the username,
PAM_USER; tty specifies the name of the terminal over which the request has
been made, PAM_TTY; rhost specifies the name of the remote host (if any) from
which the request was made, PAM_RHOST; and ruser specifies the name of the
remote user (if available) who made the request, PAM_RUSER -- and looks for an
instance of that item in the file=filename. filename contains one line per item
listed. If the item is found, then if sense=allow, PAM_SUCCESS is returned,
causing the authorization request to succeed; else if sense=deny, PAM_AUTH_ERR
is returned, causing the authorization request to fail.

If an error is encountered (for instance, if filename does not exist, or a
poorly-constructed argument is encountered), then if onerr=succeed, PAM_SUCCESS
is returned, otherwise if onerr=fail, PAM_AUTH_ERR or PAM_SERVICE_ERR (as
appropriate) will be returned.

An additional argument, apply=, can be used to restrict the application of the
above to a specific user (apply=username) or a given group (apply=@groupname).
This added restriction is only meaningful when used with the tty, rhost and
shell items.

Besides this last one, all arguments should be specified; do not count on any
default behavior.

No credentials are awarded by this module.



    What is listed in the file and should be checked for.


    Action to take if found in file, if the item is NOT found in the file, then
    the opposite action is requested.


    File containing one item per line. The file needs to be a plain file and
    not world writeable.


    What to do if something weird happens like being unable to open the file.


    Restrict the user class for which the restriction apply. Note that with
    item=[user|ruser|group] this does not make sense, but for item=[tty|rhost|
    shell] it have a meaning.


    Do not treat service refusals or missing list files as errors that need to
    be logged.


Classic 'ftpusers' authentication can be implemented with this entry in /etc/

# deny ftp-access to users listed in the /etc/ftpusers file
auth    required \
        onerr=succeed item=user sense=deny file=/etc/ftpusers

Note, users listed in /etc/ftpusers file are (counterintuitively) not allowed
access to the ftp service.

To allow login access only for certain users, you can use a /etc/pam.d/login
entry like this:

# permit login to users listed in /etc/loginusers
auth    required \
        onerr=fail item=user sense=allow file=/etc/loginusers

For this example to work, all users who are allowed to use the login service
should be listed in the file /etc/loginusers. Unless you are explicitly trying
to lock out root, make sure that when you do this, you leave a way for root to
log in, either by listing root in /etc/loginusers, or by listing a user who is
able to su to the root account.


pam_listfile was written by Michael K. Johnson <> and Elliot
Lee <>.

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