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bison - A parser generator that is compatible with YACC…  more info»

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BISON(1)                    User Commands                   BISON(1)



NAME
       bison - GNU Project parser generator (yacc replacement)

SYNOPSIS
       bison [OPTION]... FILE

DESCRIPTION
       Bison  is  a  parser  generator  in the style of yacc(1).  It
       should be upwardly compatible with input files  designed  for
       yacc.

       Input  files  should  follow the yacc convention of ending in
       .y.  Unlike yacc, the  generated  files  do  not  have  fixed
       names,  but  instead use the prefix of the input file.  More‐
       over, if you need to put C++ code in the input file, you  can
       end  his  name  by  a C++-like extension (.ypp or .y++), then
       bison will follow your extension  to  name  the  output  file
       (.cpp  or  .c++).   For  instance, a grammar description file
       named parse.yxx would produce the generated parser in a  file
       named  parse.tab.cxx,  instead of yacc's y.tab.c or old Bison
       version's parse.tab.c.

       This description of the options that can be given to bison is
       adapted from the node Invocation in the bison.texinfo manual,
       which should be taken as authoritative.

       Bison supports both  traditional  single-letter  options  and
       mnemonic  long option names.  Long option names are indicated
       with -- instead of -.  Abbreviations  for  option  names  are
       allowed as long as they are unique.  When a long option takes
       an argument, like --file-prefix, connect the option name  and
       the argument with =.

       Generate LALR(1) and GLR parsers.

       Mandatory  arguments  to long options are mandatory for short
       options too.  The same is true for optional arguments.

   Operation modes:
       -h, --help
              display this help and exit

       -V, --version
              output version information and exit

       --print-localedir
              output directory containing locale-dependent data

       --print-datadir
              output directory containing skeletons and XSLT

       -y, --yacc
              emulate POSIX Yacc

       -W, --warnings=[CATEGORY]
              report the warnings falling in CATEGORY

   Parser:
       -L, --language=LANGUAGE
              specify the output programming language  (this  is  an
              experimental feature)

       -S, --skeleton=FILE
              specify the skeleton to use

       -t, --debug
              instrument the parser for debugging

       --locations
              enable locations computation

       -p, --name-prefix=PREFIX
              prepend PREFIX to the external symbols

       -l, --no-lines
              don't generate `#line' directives

       -k, --token-table
              include a table of token names

   Output:
       --defines[=FILE]
              also produce a header file

       -d     likewise but cannot specify FILE (for POSIX Yacc)

       -r, --report=THINGS
              also produce details on the automaton

       --report-file=FILE
              write report to FILE

       -v, --verbose
              same as `--report=state'

       -b, --file-prefix=PREFIX
              specify a PREFIX for output files

       -o, --output=FILE
              leave output to FILE

       -g, --graph[=FILE]
              also output a graph of the automaton

       -x, --xml[=FILE]
              also  output  an  XML report of the automaton (the XML
              schema is experimental)

   Warning categories include:
       `midrule-values'
              unset or unused midrule values

       `yacc' incompatibilities with POSIX YACC

       `all'  all the warnings

       `no-CATEGORY'
              turn off warnings in CATEGORY

       `none' turn off all the warnings

       `error'
              treat warnings as errors

   THINGS is a list of comma separated words that can include:
       `state'
              describe the states

       `itemset'
              complete the core item sets with their closure

       `lookahead'
              explicitly associate lookahead tokens to items

       `solved'
              describe shift/reduce conflicts solving

       `all'  include all the above information

       `none' disable the report

AUTHOR
       Written by Robert Corbett and Richard Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS
       Report bugs to <bug-bison@gnu.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright © 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.
       There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
       FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO
       lex(1), flex(1), yacc(1).

       The full documentation for bison is maintained as  a  Texinfo
       manual.    If  the  info  and  bison  programs  are  properly
       installed at your site, the command

              info bison

       should give you access to the complete manual.



bison 2.4.1                 December 2008                   BISON(1)
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