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ccbuild - source scanning build utility for C++…  more info»


ccbuild(1)                                                ccbuild(1)

       ccbuild — Strict C++ developer's build utility

       ccbuild [options ]  [command ]

       ccbuild is a build utility that will read C++ source. It col‐
       lects all source surrounding your local  includes  and  links
       these   to  your  main  program.  Global  include  statements
       (#include <something>) are used to  make  sure  the  compiler
       gets the right arguments. The link between compiler arguments
       and these global includes is made using configuration  files.
       These  files contain lines with a global header file name and
       the extra arguments the compiler needs to find and  use  this
       file.  The file name and arguments are separated by tab char‐
       acter(s) or a space. ccbuild reads these configuration  files
       in  order.  Only the first mention of a global header file in
       these files is used. Usually only  ./ccResolutions  is  used,
       but  there  are more possibilities. See the section FILES for
       more information.

       ccbuild  will  follow  any  local  include  (#include  "some‐
       thing.hh")  to  try  to  find more source code to compile. To
       keep ccbuild from following up on an include statement, sepa‐
       rate  the  #-sign and the include statement by a single space
       ("# include").

       build []
                 Build everything or the given source.

       lib []
                 Collect all objects into an archive. If  a  version
                 is  given,  using --pversion, then a shared library
                 is also build with symbolic links.  This  currently
                 forces  the  -fPIC  argument  addition. The name of
                 your library is  given  the  name  of  the  current
                 directory or it's parent when the current directory
                 is called src.

                 Example: create an  empty  .cc  file  which  simply
                 includes  all  the  local  libraries,  run  ccbuild
                 --pversion 0.0.1 lib

       clean []
                 Clean everything or the given source.

       distclean Recursively remove all "o" directories after remov‐
                 ing  all .md5 and .o files therein. And removes all
                 .gch files.

       deps []
                 List all files this source  depends  on.  It  lists
                 three  lines  separated  by empty lines.  The first
                 contains the local  dependencies,  the  second  the
                 ignored  headers  (for  the file) and the last con‐
                 tains all global includes needed.

       dot []
                 Generate dot graph files for sources on the stdout.
                 If  no  source  file  name  is  given, then for all
                 binary targets in the local directory a  .dot  file
                 will  be created. If the --verbose flag is used the
                 dot graph will also contain all object  file  names
                 and  their  dependencies and lists of ignored head‐
                 ers. Objects will be coloured  light  grey,  binary
                 targets light blue, ignored headers by a red line.

       makefile []
                 Generate  a  Makefile on stdout. If no file name is
                 given, an all rule  will  be  generated.  Otherwise
                 only the rules for the given file are generated.

       aap []
                 Generate  an A-A-P file on stdout. If the file name
                 is not given, an "all" rule will be added  and  all
                 local binary targets will be listed.

       check []
                 Dsplay  source  status and file name on the stdout.
                 Status and source path are  separated  with  a  tab
                 character. Status is either "old" or "ok". When the
                 --verbose flag is used, another tab separated  col‐
                 umn  will  be inserted containing a two letter file
                 type ccbuild identifies it as. This  file  type  is
                 "bt",  "ot", "ih" or "hh" for binary target, object
                 target, internal header and header respectively.

       icmake []
                 icmake slave mode. This will output the used direc‐
                 tories  with  one  directory per line. If a CLASSES
                 file already exists, it will only output the  class
                 directories  not  mentioned in the CLASSES file. If
                 --verbose is given, all classes will be listed. The
                 output  will  not  contain  directories  with  only
                 header files. Updating  the  CLASSES  is  typically
                 done by running: ccbuild icmake >> CLASSES

       resolve []
                 Print  all  unresolved globals onto the stdout fol‐
                 lowed by a tab character. These can be appended  to
                 the  ccResolutions  file  using: ccbuild resolve >>
                 ccResolutions .

       md5 []
                 MD5 sum all sources needed to  compile  all  binary
                 targets, or the given source on stdout.

       Options  are  used  to  change the behaviour of the commands.
       Some options are useless for some commands.

       -f --force-update
                 Update everything by labelling everything as old.

       -h --help Get a list of options and commands.

                 Touch files part of the GNU software standard. They
                 will  be  touched  in  ../  except  when there is a
                 directory called src in the current directory, then
                 the current directory will be used. This will touch

       -s --no-act
                 Simulate,  don't  really  execute  any writing com‐

       --compiler cmd
                 Set the compiler command. The default is "g++".

       -a --args argument
                 Set these default compiler arguments, removing  the
                 standard  default  arguments ("-Wall -g"). Multiple
                 uses of this option are concatenated with spaces.

       -C path   Change directory before anything else.

       -p --precompile-ih
                 Pre-compile only internal  headers.  This  requires
                 g++ version 3.4 up.

                 Pre-compile  both internal headers and normal head‐
                 ers. This requires g++ version 3.4 up. When you use
                 internal  headers,  this  will  only slow you down.
                 However, when you don't use internal headers,  this
                 pre-compilation is all you've got.

       --brute   Continue on compiler errors.

       --md5     Use  MD5  hashes  to  check  for  file changes. The
                 hashes are  store  in  "o/filename.md5"  for  every
                 file.  These  sums  are only   stored after a clean
                 exit from ccbuild  (last  line  showing  "[WR]  MD5
                 data") or a successful compilation.

       -I path   Add  this  path to the local include search path of
                 ccbuild and the compiler (which  will  receive  the
                 same argument).

       --recursive-include path
                 This  is  just  like -I, but for the given path and
                 every non-empty directory with a  name  other  then
                 "o".  Make  sure  you do not come to depend on this
                 behaviour, that would be bad practice.

       -l --highlight
                 Highlight the output of the compiler  using  a  red
                 terminal colour.

       --xof --exec-on-fail command
                 Execute this command when the command (pre)compila‐
                 tion returns anything but 0.   The  first  argument
                 given  to  the command will be relative path to the
                 file the command was executed on (which is either a
                 C++ source or header). If you don't want to use the
                 file name, you can  append  an  echo  command  like
                 "sleep 2; echo".

       --xop --exec-on-pass cmd
                 This  is the same as --exec-on-fail, except it only
                 works when the command returns 0. The  first  argu‐
                 ment given to the command will be the relative path
                 to the file the command was executed on.

       --clearpc Clear the screen just before executing the  command
                 (clear per command).

       --append cmd
                 Append  this  to every command. This can be used to
                 redirect output or set up pipes for  compiler  out‐

       --loop    Loop  the  system  with  one second intervals. This
                 only works for the build  command  at  the  moment.
                 All  sources who are touched will be reloaded. If a
                 file is removed, the whole source tree is reloaded.

                 Do not read the first line of  ./ccResolutions  for
                 extra arguments.

                 Do  not  load  any  ccResolutions  files outside of
                 ./ccResolutions. This can be used to create a mono‐
                 lithic   ccResolutions   file   or   discover  your
                 project's dependencies with the resolve command.

       --addres filename
                 Load the given resolution file before any other.

       --pversion version
                 Set the program version you are working on to  ver‐
                 sion.  This  is currently only used for the library
                 command. When defined, the library command can make
                 a  shared  object (.so) and symbolic links by using
                 the version number. It should not contain any  file
                 system special characters like slashes.

       --ar      Archive  the  objects  before  linking. This should
                 reduce the binary size because it leaves out unused

       --verbose Show  commands  and produce more output for dot and
                 check commands.

       -V --version
                 Output  version  number   on   stdout   and   copy‐
                 right/license on stderr.

       --xml     Output  in  XML  where supported. Currently this is
                 only the check command.

       --nowarn  Leave out most warnings.

       --batch   Compile a batch of files with one g++  call  before
                 any  other  compilation.  This effectively disables
                 any multi-threading, but may speed  things  up  for
                 larger  collections  of  small  files. This process
                 involves  creating   a   temporary   directory   in
                 /tmp/ccbuild_batch.XXXX.  The  exact  behaviour  of
                 this option may change in the future based on  per‐
                 formance results and user experience.

       -j number_threads
                 Set  the  maximum  number  of  threads  used during
                 build. Only available when OpenMP is enabled.

       The ccResolutions file links global headers to compiler argu‐
       ments.  Every  line should be either empty, start with a com‐
       ment character "#" or contain a configuration line.   A  con‐
       figuration  line contains the name of the global header, fol‐
       lowed by one or more tab characters and then  the  additional
       arguments needed when a source depends on this global header.
       The arguments are POSIX shell expanded.

       If the first line of the ccResolutions file starts with "#&",
       the rest of this line is shell expanded and used and appended
       to the argument list of ccbuild.

       Examples of program use.

       ccbuild resolve >> ccResolutions
                 Add any of the unknown global headers to the ccRes‐
                 olutions  file.  You  can also use --nowarn to keep
                 ccbuild quiet, but you will have to think twice  if
                 you get compilation errors.

       ccbuild --brute
                 Get  back  to  development  after a distclean. This
                 will update as much objects as will compile.  Which
                 will  allow  you to focus on the errors in the next
                 ccbuild call.

       ccbuild -p --compiler 'g++-3.4' --args -Wall --args  '-Wextra
                 Precompile internal headers using g++-3.4 and high‐
                 light all compiler output (-l). Also give all  com‐
                 piler   commands   the  parameters  "-Wall  -Wextra

       ccbuild -f --args -O3
                 Recompiling your project  for  benchmarking  tests.
                 Forces  the  update  of  all code (-f) and sets the
                 compiler argument to -O3.

       ccbuild --verbose dot; dotty *.dot
                 Graph  the  dependencies  for  all  programs   with
                 colours. Then view these using dotty. This can help
                 you to discover  irregular  dependencies  and  what
                 test programs use.

       ccbuild --xof 'gedit'
                 Try  to compile the program and open the first file
                 that does not compile  correctly.  Open  all  error
                 producing  sources  in  gedit. Very useful for when
                 you change the interface of a class.

       ccbuild --compiler distcc -j 20
                 Use 20 distcc compilers to compile the project.

       ccbuild --nodefargs -f --args '-Wall -Werror' &&  svn  commit
       -m 'buildable backup'
                 If  all the sources are buildable without any warn‐
                 ings, commit everything  to  the  repository  using

       Configuration files used by ccbuild

                 Local  configuration  which is project specific. It
                 will load the first existing file  of:  ./ccResolu‐
                 tions.USERNAME, ./ccResolutions.HOSTNAME, ./ccReso‐
                 lutions.KERNEL_NAME,       ./ccResolutions.MACHINE,
                 ./ccResolutions.  Hostname, kernel name and machine
                 can be found with uname -nsm.

                 Global configuration file.

                 The resolution configuration directory.  All  files
                 in  this  directory  are  considered  configuration

       Don't place any  file  into  o  directories,  these  will  be
       removed  when  using  the  distclean  command. Also don't use
       files with the same basename, but different  C++  extensions,
       this will give problems with the objects created (for example
       "" and "add.cpp" in the same directory).

       Currently there is no way to allow one object file to  effect
       the  command-line  parameters  of another. This means that if
       all objects need a flag, you must use the --args argument and
       cannot use a global header resolution line. Examples of these
       flags that need  to  be  defined  everywhere  are  -pthreads,
       -mthreads  and  -threads. Please read the g++ manual for more
       information on usage of flags.

       ccbuild seems to be incompatible with flex 2.5.4.  That  ver‐
       sion  of  flex  places  an int main function in the resulting
       scanner and there doesn't seem to be a way to  stop  it  from
       mentioning it. The result is that ccbuild will think that the
       generated scanner is a test program for your class and  won't
       link  it  into  the  main program. A solution is to move to a
       newer version of flex or find a way to remove  the  int  main
       function from the resulting scanner file.

       Report   any   issue   with   ccbuild   at:   http://www.log‐

       ccbuild will not follow or act on any include statements with
       a  single  space  between  the #-sign and the include. So all
       include statements starting with "# include" will be ignored,
       all  other  combinations will be acted on. This is a feature,
       not a bug. In verbose mode (--verbose) these are mentioned as

       A. Bram Neijt <>

       pkg-config(1),  dotty(1), make(1), icmake(1), g++(1), aap(1),

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