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dbacl - digramic Bayesian text classifier…  more info»


BAYESOL(1)                                                BAYESOL(1)

       bayesol - a Bayes solution calculator for use with dbacl.

       bayesol [-DVNniv] -c riskspec [FILE]...

       bayesol -V

       bayesol  is  a  Bayes solution calculator designed to combine
       the output of dbacl(1) with a prior distribution and  a  risk
       specification,  and  calculate  the optimal Bayesian decision
       (which minimizes the posterior risk).

       The risk specification is read from the  text  file  riskspec
       and  must  be written in a simple format described below. The
       dbacl(1) output can either be read from FILE or from STDIN.

       On success, bayesol returns a positive integer  corresponding
       to  the category with the lowest risk.  In case of a problem,
       bayesol returns zero.

       -c     Classify using riskspec.  See the section RISK  SPECI‐

       -i     Fully  internationalized  mode. Forces the use of wide
              characters internally,  which  is  necessary  in  some
              locales. This incurs a noticeable performance penalty.

       -n     Print  risk  scores  for each category.  Each score is
              (approximately) the logarithm  of  the  expected  risk
              under  that  category. The lowest score (ie closest to
              -infinity) is best, etc.

       -N     Print recursive risk scores for each  category.   Each
              score  is  (approximately)  the  logarithm of the best
              score based on the  remaining  categories,  after  the
              previously  best scoring categories have been removed,
              and a normalizing factor was added. A full description
              is  given in the technical report listed at the end of
              this  manpange.  The  largest  score  (ie  closest  to
              +infinity) is best, etc.

       -v     Verbose mode. Prints to STDOUT the category with mini‐
              mum posterior risk.  In case  several  categories  are
              possible,  prints  the  first category in the order in
              which they appear in the categories section of  riskp‐

       -D     Print debug output. Do not use.

       -V     Print the program version number and exit.

       bayesol  needs to read a text file riskspec containing a risk
       specification. The format of this text file is as follows

              categories { cat1, cat2,..., catN}
              prior { p1, p2,..., pN}
              loss_matrix {
              "regex1" c1 [ formula11, formula12,..., formula1N]
              "regex2" c2 [ formula21, formula22,..., formula2N]
              "regexM" cM [ formulaM1, formulaM2,..., formulaMN]

       In the above, cat1, cat2,..., catN, are category  names,  p1,
       p2,...,  pN,  are  non-negative  numbers, regex1, regex2,...,
       regexM, are (possibly empty) regular expression strings,  c1,
       c2,...,  cM,  are  instances  of  the  category  names  cat1,
       cat2,..., catN, and the formulas are numbers or  mathematical

       Every  category  which appears in the categories section must
       appear at least once in  the  loss_matrix  section,  with  an
       empty  ""  regular  expression.  To construct the actual loss
       matrix used in the decision  calculations,  bayesol  selects,
       for  each  category  appearing in the categories section, the
       first row whose regular expression is matched within FILE  or
       STDIN,  or  the  first  row  with empty regular expression if
       there are no matches.

       Each formula can be either a single number, or  an  algebraic
       combination  of the operators exp(), log(), +, -, *, /, ^ and
       parentheses (). The string  "inf"  is  parsed  as  the  value
       infinity.  Also,  the  string "complexity" is recognized, and
       converted to the complexity for that category as reported  by
       dbacl(1).   Finally,  if the corresponding regular expression
       contains submatches delimited by parentheses, their numerical
       values  can  be used inside the formulas as the special vari‐
       ables $1, ..., $9. Note that submatches which aren't  numeri‐
       cal are converted to the value zero.

       Case  is  important.  Spaces  and  newlines  can be liberally
       inserted. Comments must start with a # and extend to the  end
       of the line.

       Typically,  bayesol is used together with dbacl(1).  An invo‐
       cation looks like this:

       % dbacl -c one -c two -c three sample.txt -vna | bayesol -c
       toy.risk -v

       See  /usr/share/dbacl/doc/  for  a description of the
       algorithm used.  See also  /usr/share/dbacl/doc/tutorial.html
       for a more detailed overview.

       The  source  code  for  the latest version of this program is
       available at the following locations:

       Laird A. Breyer <>

       dbacl(1), mailcross(1),  mailfoot(1),  mailinspect(1),  mail‐
       toe(1), regex(7)

Version 1.12        Bayesian Classification Tools         BAYESOL(1)
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