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git-daemon - Git protocol dæmon…  more info»


GIT-DAEMON(1)                Git Manual                GIT-DAEMON(1)

       git-daemon - A really simple server for git repositories

       git daemon [--verbose] [--syslog] [--export-all]
                    [--timeout=n] [--init-timeout=n] [--max-connections=n]
                    [--strict-paths] [--base-path=path] [--base-path-relaxed]
                    [--user-path | --user-path=path]
                    [--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=file]
                    [--enable=service] [--disable=service]
                    [--allow-override=service] [--forbid-override=service]
                    [--inetd | [--listen=host_or_ipaddr] [--port=n] [--user=user [--group=group]]

       A really simple TCP git daemon that normally listens on port
       "DEFAULT_GIT_PORT" aka 9418. It waits for a connection asking
       for a service, and will serve that service if it is enabled.

       It verifies that the directory has the magic file
       "git-daemon-export-ok", and it will refuse to export any git
       directory that hasn’t explicitly been marked for export this
       way (unless the --export-all parameter is specified). If you
       pass some directory paths as git daemon arguments, you can
       further restrict the offers to a whitelist comprising of

       By default, only upload-pack service is enabled, which serves
       git fetch-pack and git ls-remote clients, which are invoked
       from git fetch, git pull, and git clone.

       This is ideally suited for read-only updates, i.e., pulling
       from git repositories.

       An upload-archive also exists to serve git archive.

           Match paths exactly (i.e. don’t allow "/foo/repo" when
           the real path is "/foo/repo.git" or "/foo/repo/.git") and
           don’t do user-relative paths.  git daemon will refuse to
           start when this option is enabled and no whitelist is

           Remap all the path requests as relative to the given
           path. This is sort of "GIT root" - if you run git daemon
           with --base-path=/srv/git on, then if you
           later try to pull git://, git daemon
           will interpret the path as /srv/git/hello.git.

           If --base-path is enabled and repo lookup fails, with
           this option git daemon will attempt to lookup without
           prefixing the base path. This is useful for switching to
           --base-path usage, while still allowing the old paths.

           To support virtual hosting, an interpolated path template
           can be used to dynamically construct alternate paths. The
           template supports %H for the target hostname as supplied
           by the client but converted to all lowercase, %CH for the
           canonical hostname, %IP for the server’s IP address, %P
           for the port number, and %D for the absolute path of the
           named repository. After interpolation, the path is
           validated against the directory whitelist.

           Allow pulling from all directories that look like GIT
           repositories (have the objects and refs subdirectories),
           even if they do not have the git-daemon-export-ok file.

           Have the server run as an inetd service. Implies
           --syslog. Incompatible with --port, --listen, --user and
           --group options.

           Listen on a specific IP address or hostname. IP addresses
           can be either an IPv4 address or an IPv6 address if
           supported. If IPv6 is not supported, then
           --listen=hostname is also not supported and --listen must
           be given an IPv4 address. Incompatible with --inetd

           Listen on an alternative port. Incompatible with --inetd

           Timeout between the moment the connection is established
           and the client request is received (typically a rather
           low value, since that should be basically immediate).

           Timeout for specific client sub-requests. This includes
           the time it takes for the server to process the
           sub-request and the time spent waiting for the next
           client’s request.

           Maximum number of concurrent clients, defaults to 32. Set
           it to zero for no limit.

           Log to syslog instead of stderr. Note that this option
           does not imply --verbose, thus by default only error
           conditions will be logged.

       --user-path, --user-path=path
           Allow ~user notation to be used in requests. When
           specified with no parameter, requests to
           git://host/~alice/foo is taken as a request to access foo
           repository in the home directory of user alice. If
           --user-path=path is specified, the same request is taken
           as a request to access path/foo repository in the home
           directory of user alice.

           Log details about the incoming connections and requested

           Use SO_REUSEADDR when binding the listening socket. This
           allows the server to restart without waiting for old
           connections to time out.

           Detach from the shell. Implies --syslog.

           Save the process id in file. Ignored when the daemon is
           run under --inetd.

       --user=user, --group=group
           Change daemon’s uid and gid before entering the service
           loop. When only --user is given without --group, the
           primary group ID for the user is used. The values of the
           option are given to getpwnam(3) and getgrnam(3) and
           numeric IDs are not supported.

           Giving these options is an error when used with --inetd;
           use the facility of inet daemon to achieve the same
           before spawning git daemon if needed.

       --enable=service, --disable=service
           Enable/disable the service site-wide per default. Note
           that a service disabled site-wide can still be enabled
           per repository if it is marked overridable and the
           repository enables the service with a configuration item.

       --allow-override=service, --forbid-override=service
           Allow/forbid overriding the site-wide default with per
           repository configuration. By default, all the services
           are overridable.

           A directory to add to the whitelist of allowed
           directories. Unless --strict-paths is specified this will
           also include subdirectories of each named directory.

       These services can be globally enabled/disabled using the
       command line options of this command. If a finer-grained
       control is desired (e.g. to allow git archive to be run
       against only in a few selected repositories the daemon
       serves), the per-repository configuration file can be used to
       enable or disable them.

           This serves git fetch-pack and git ls-remote clients. It
           is enabled by default, but a repository can disable it by
           setting daemon.uploadpack configuration item to false.

           This serves git archive --remote. It is disabled by
           default, but a repository can enable it by setting
           daemon.uploadarch configuration item to true.

           This serves git send-pack clients, allowing anonymous
           push. It is disabled by default, as there is no
           authentication in the protocol (in other words, anybody
           can push anything into the repository, including removal
           of refs). This is solely meant for a closed LAN setting
           where everybody is friendly. This service can be enabled
           by daemon.receivepack configuration item to true.

       We assume the following in /etc/services

               $ grep 9418 /etc/services
               git             9418/tcp                # Git Version Control System

       git daemon as inetd server
           To set up git daemon as an inetd service that handles any
           repository under the whitelisted set of directories,
           /pub/foo and /pub/bar, place an entry like the following
           into /etc/inetd all on one line:

                       git stream tcp nowait nobody  /usr/bin/git
                               git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
                               /pub/foo /pub/bar

       git daemon as inetd server for virtual hosts
           To set up git daemon as an inetd service that handles
           repositories for different virtual hosts,
           and, place an entry like the following
           into /etc/inetd all on one line:

                       git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git
                               git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all

           In this example, the root-level directory /pub will
           contain a subdirectory for each virtual host name
           supported. Further, both hosts advertise repositories
           simply as git:// For
           pre-1.4.0 clients, a symlink from /software into the
           appropriate default repository could be made as well.

       git daemon as regular daemon for virtual hosts
           To set up git daemon as a regular, non-inetd service that
           handles repositories for multiple virtual hosts based on
           their IP addresses, start the daemon like this:

                       git daemon --verbose --export-all

           In this example, the root-level directory /pub will
           contain a subdirectory for each virtual host IP address
           supported. Repositories can still be accessed by hostname
           though, assuming they correspond to these IP addresses.

       selectively enable/disable services per repository
           To enable git archive --remote and disable git fetch
           against a repository, have the following in the
           configuration file in the repository (that is the file
           config next to HEAD, refs and objects).

                               uploadpack = false
                               uploadarch = true

       git daemon will set REMOTE_ADDR to the IP address of the
       client that connected to it, if the IP address is available.
       REMOTE_ADDR will be available in the environment of hooks
       called when services are performed.

       Written by Linus Torvalds <[1]>, YOSHIFUJI
       Hideaki <[2]> and the git-list

       Documentation by Junio C Hamano and the git-list

       Part of the git(1) suite




Git 1.7.1                    06/25/2011                GIT-DAEMON(1)
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