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libgetopt-argvfile-perl - Perl module for reading script options and parameters from files…  more info»

README.gz

Release
=======

Getopt::ArgvFile 1.11.


Overview
========

This module is a simple supplement to other option handling modules.
It allows script options and parameters to be read from files
instead of from the command line by interpolating file contents
into @ARGV. This way it PREPARES the final option handling.

Getopt::ArgvFile does NOT perform any option processing itself, and
should work fine together with any other option handling module
(e.g. Getopt::Long) or even self coded option handling.

Well, the usual process can be illustrated by the following:

                     --------------- 
 command -> @ARGV -> | Getopt::xxx |
  line               ---------------

Getopt::ArgvFile adds an additional interpolation of @ARGV, replacing
strings pointing to files with options by the contents of these files:

                          -------------                    ---------------
 command -> @ARGV with -> | Getopt::  | -> @ARGV with   -> | Getopt::xxx |
  line       file hints   |  ArgvFile |    options only    ---------------
                          -------------
                 |              ^
                 v              |
                                |
            option files --------


For example, let's say your script accepts two mandatory options ("-first"
and "-second") each taking parameters, which have to be followed by three
script parameters, the usual call would be anything like

	yourScript -first 1stPar -second 2ndPar par1 par2 par3

If a user finds out that the options and their parameters are almost
always the same for him, and if you use Getopt::ArgvFile in your script,
he could store the stable part of this call in a file like

	# always pass 1stPar to -first
	-first 1stPar

	# as well as 2ndPar to -second
	-second 2ndPar

If this file is named "opts", subsequent calls may be shortened to

	yourScript @opts par1 par2 par3

What your script will see in @ARGV after a call of
Getopt::ArgvFile::argvFile() will be exactly the same as in the initial
call showed above, so that the script can process the command line as
usual then. But from the USERS point of view, the call was simpler indeed.

More, if even the script parameters do not change from call to call,
they may be stored in a second file "pars", and the call would become

	yourScript @opts @pars

The use of Getopt::ArgvFile can simplify periodical script calls as well
as increase the handability of multi option scripts. (As an example,
imagine a cronjob set up with option files which could be completely
maintained outside the crontab.)

The module can process an alternative array instead of @ARGV if one prefers.

Further more, Getopt::ArgvFile supports both option file nesting and
cascading as well as automatically read "default option files". Please
see the documentation for details. It also contains several usage examples.


Synopsis
========

To offer support of option files, simply add something like the following
to your script:

	# load module
	use Getopt::ArgvFile qw(argvFile);
	
	# solve option files, if any
	argvFile(default=>1);

Or use the one line invocation - just pass the parameters of argvFile() to
use():

	# load module and process option file hints in @ARGV
	use Getopt::ArgvFile default=>1;
   

Now the command line can be processed as usual, e.g. by

	Getopt::Long::GetOptions(...);


If options should be processed into another array, this can be done this way:

        # prepare target array
        my @options=('@options1', '@options2', '@options3');

        # replace file hints by file contents
        argvFile(array=>\@options);


Requirements
============

Getopt::ArgvFile is tested with Perl versions 5.005 and 5.6.x.
(Versions prior 1.04 were tested with 5.00[34], too.)
It should run under later versions as well.

Text::ParseWords 3.1 is required.


Installation
============

This module can be installed as usual by

	perl Makefile.PL
	make
	make test
	make install


What's new?
===========

Please see the changelog ("Changes") for a distribution history.


Problems?
=========

If you run into trouble with this module, feel free
to contact me at perl@jochen-stenzel.de.


Author, Copyright, License
==========================

Copyright (c) 1993-2007 Jochen Stenzel. All rights reserved.

This module is free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the Artistic License distributed with Perl version
5.003 or (at your option) any later version. Please refer to the
Artistic License that came with your Perl distribution for more
details.

The Artistic License should have been included in your distribution of
Perl. It resides in the file named "Artistic" at the top-level of the
Perl source tree (where Perl was downloaded/unpacked - ask your
system administrator if you dont know where this is).  Alternatively,
the current version of the Artistic License distributed with Perl can
be viewed on-line on the World-Wide Web (WWW) from the following URL:

      http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html


Disclaimer
==========

This software is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
is provided "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either expressed or
implied, INCLUDING, without limitation, the implied warranties of
MERCHANTABILITY and FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

The ENTIRE RISK as to the quality and performance of the software
IS WITH YOU (the holder of the software).  Should the software prove
defective, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR OR
CORRECTION.

IN NO EVENT WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY CREATE,
MODIFY, OR DISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE BE LIABLE OR RESPONSIBLE TO YOU OR TO
ANY OTHER ENTITY FOR ANY KIND OF DAMAGES (no matter how awful - not even
if they arise from known or unknown flaws in the software).

Please refer to the Artistic License that came with your Perl
distribution for more details.
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