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Readme.linux

Sound Driver version 2.4 for Linux
----------------------------------

NOTE!	The sound driver is now a part of the Linux kernel distribution.
	Check that your kernel doesn't have more recent version than this
	when installing a separately distributed sound driver. The
	version number of this driver is defined in the makefile.

Installation
------------

- Since this driver is a part of the Linux kernel distribution, no
  special steps are required to build the driver itself.

- In case you are installing a separately distributed sound driver,
  you have to do some additional steps.
  - Remove all files from the linux/drivers/sound. Old files could
    sometimes cause trouble.
  - cd linux/drivers.
  - gunzip -c snd-driv-X.Y.tar.gz|tar xvf -
  - cd ./sound
  - cp soundcard.h ultrasound.h /usr/include/linux

- To build the device files for this driver, you need to run the enclosed 
  shell script (at the end of this file).

- Create /usr/include/sys/soundcard.h whic contains just a line:
#include <linux/soundcard.h>

- Create /usr/include/sys/ultrasound.h whic contains just a line:
#include <linux/ultrasound.h>

Boot time configuration (using lilo)
------------------------------------

This version of the sound driver has capability to accept the configuration
parameters from the boot loader (for example lilo). By default the 
driver is booted using the parameters given before compiling the driver
('make config' or 'make soundconf'). If the kernel is booted using lilo and
the boot command is given manually, it's possible to give the configuration
parameters on the command line. Just hold down the <Alt> key when lilo
starts. Then give the boot command manually and append a sound= argument
to the boot command line. For example:

lilo boot: linux sound=0x222071,0x138800

The sound= argument could contain several configuration entries separated by a
comma. Each option gives the configuration for one sound device.
Give the options in the order given below. Other order of use is undefined.
Each option is encoded as the following:

	0xTaaaId, where
          ||  ||
          ||  |+----   d = DMA channel (0, 1, 3, 5, 6 or 7)
          ||  +-----   I = IRQ (HEXADECIMAL!!! 1=1, ..., 9=9, 10=a, ..., 15=f)
          |+-------- aaa = I/O address (hexadecimal)
	  +----------  T = device type  1=FM Synth (YM3812 or OPL3)
					2=SoundBlaster (1.0 to 2.0, Pro, 16)
					3=ProAudioSpectrum16
					4=Gravis UltraSound
					5=MPU-401 UART midi
					6=SB16 (16 bit DMA number)
					7=SB16 Midi (MPU-401 emulation)

These are the configuration templates for various soundcards:

	0)	Disable the sound driver
		
		sound=0

	1)	AdLib

		sound=0x138800

	2)	SoundBlaster family and compatibles

		sound=0x2220Id,0x138800	  (remember to set the IRQ and DMA)
	or if you have SB16 or SB16ASP, you have to use the following:
	        (use the same IRQ (the I colums) in all three places. The
	         the D is the 16 bit DMA channel (5 to 7) and the d is 
	         the 8 bit one (1 or 3). The X is the 2nd digit of the
	         midi IO address (3 or 0)).
		sound=0x2220Id,0x6220ID,0x73X0I0,0x138800

	3)	ProAudioSpectrum16, ProAudioStudio16, Logitech Soundman16 etc.

		sound=0x3388Id,0x2220Id,0x138800 (set the DMAs and IRQs)
         
	4)	Gravis UltraSound

		sound=0x42X0Id	(X is 1, 2, 3 or 4. Set the DMA and IRQ)
	
	5)	MPU-401

		sound=0x5aaaI0

If you have more than one soundcards, you have to concatenate the options
for each of the cards. There cannot be more than one sound= argument in the
command line. For example use "sound=0x5aaaI0,0x138800" if you have AdLib
and MPU-401 on your system. 
If there are two or more sound= arguments
in the boot command line, just the last one takes effect. The earlier ones
will be ignored silently.

The boot time configuration feature is intended mainly for distributors of
precompiled kernels. When this feature is used, drivers for all of the
cards have to be enabled before compiling the driver. The configurator program
doesn't enable MPU-401 when the full driver option is selected. It must be
enabled by uncommenting "#define EXCLUDE_MPU401" in the sound/local.h.

Important note!

The sound driver is enabled by default. If the kernel is booted without
using the sound=0 option, the sound driver is initialized using the compile
time parameters. This could be dangerous (specially if the MPU-401 driver
is enabled with I/O address 0x330 (used by AHA-1542 also)). If you want to
compile the driver to be inactive by default, you have to append a
#define SND_DEFAULT_ENABLE	0
to the sound/local.h before compiling the driver.

Remember to check that the sound setup routine is included in the 
bootparams structure in linux/init/main.c. It should contain the following
lines:

#ifdef CONFIG_SOUND
	{ "sound=", sound_setup },
#endif

In case these lines were not there, you have to insert them (the driver works
without them but it's not possible to give the boot time parameters for the
sound driver). Add also the following line somewhere near the beginning of
linux/init/main.c:

extern void sound_setup(char *str, int *ints);

Problems
--------

If you have any kind of problems, there is a debugging feature which
could help you to solve the problem. To use it, just execute the
command:

	cat /dev/sndstat 

and look at the output. It should display some usefull info about the
driver configuration. If there is no /dev/sndstat 
(/dev/sndstat: No such file or directory), ensure that you have executed the
soundinstall script (at the end of this file). The message: 
/dev/dsp: No such device means that you don't have the sound driver installed
on your kernel or the driver version is earlier than 1.99.6.


- /dev/???????: No such file or directory.
Run the script at the end of this file.

- /dev/???????: No such device.
You have not booted with a kernel containing the driver or the I/O address
configuration doesn't match your hardaware. 

- The module player (str) plays just a second and then stops completely.
You have incorrect IRQ settings (usual with SB cards).

- There is pauses in the playback of the module player (str).
The str program requires more than 40% of the speed of a 486/50 to play
without pauses at 44 kHz speed. A 386/25 can hardly play faster than 22 kHz.
You should use lower speed (-s speed), buy a faster computer or a Gravis 
UltraSound card. (If you already have GUS, you should use gmod and not the
str). If the DSP_BUFFSIZE in the sound/local.h is less than (nr_channels*
speed_in_Hz * (bits/8))/2, it could explain the pausing problem. Also check
that the turbo swich is on and don't run applications like weather forecasting
on background. Sometimes (very rarely) an IRQ conflict can cause similar
problems with SB cards.
If you want to play modules on a 386sx while recompiling the world, buy a GUS.
It runs without burning your CPU.

Hannu Savolainen
hsavolai@cs.helsinki.fi

----------------- cut here ------------------------------
#!/bin/sh
#
#	soudinstall		
#
#		by Craig Metz - cmetz@thor.tjhsst.edu
#
# Create the devices
#
#	Mixer 		(14, 0)
#
if [ -e /dev/mixer ]; then 
	rm -f /dev/mixer 
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/mixer c 14 0

if [ -e /dev/mixer1 ]; then 
	rm -f /dev/mixer1 
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/mixer1 c 14 16
#
#	Sequencer	(14, 1)
#
if [ -e /dev/sequencer ]; then
	rm -f /dev/sequencer
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/sequencer c 14 1
#
#	MIDI		(14, 2)	[ Not implemented ]
#
if [ -e /dev/midi ]; then
	rm -f /dev/midi
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/midi c 14 2
#
#	DSP		(14, 3)
#
if [ -e /dev/dsp ]; then
	rm -f /dev/dsp
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/dsp c 14 3
#
#	SPARC audio	(14, 4)	[ Not fully implemented ]
#
if [ -e /dev/audio ]; then
	rm -f /dev/audio
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/audio c 14 4
#
#	DSP2		(14, 19) /dev/dsp for the second soundcard.
#				Also the SB emulation part of the
#				PAS16 card.
#
if [ -e /dev/dsp1 ]; then
	rm -f /dev/dsp1
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/dsp1 c 14 19
#
#	SPARC audio1	(14, 20) [ Not fully implemented ]
#				/dev/audio for the second soundcard.
#				Also the SB emulation part of the
#				PAS16 card.
#
if [ -e /dev/audio1 ]; then
	rm -f /dev/audio1
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/audio1 c 14 20
#
#	/dev/sndstat	(14,6)	For debugging purposes
#
if [ -e /dev/sndstat ]; then
	rm -f /dev/sndstat
fi
mknod -m 666 /dev/sndstat c 14 6
exit 0
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