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nethack - console mode dungeon exploration game…  more info»


NETHACK(6)                                                NETHACK(6)

       nethack - Exploring The Mazes of Menace

       nethack  [ -d directory ] [ -n ] [ -[ABCEHKPRSTVW@] ] [ -[DX]
       ] [ -u playername ] [ -dec ] [ -ibm ]
       nethack [ -d directory ] -s [ -v  ]  [  -[ABCEHKPRSTVW]  ]  [
       playernames ]

       NetHack  is  a display oriented Dungeons & Dragons(tm) - like
       game.  The standard tty display and command structure  resem‐
       ble rogue.

       Other,  more graphical display options exist if you are using
       either a PC, or an X11 interface.

       To get started you really only need  to  know  two  commands.
       The command ?  will give you a list of the available commands
       (as well as other information) and the command /  will  iden‐
       tify the things you see on the screen.

       To  win  the game (as opposed to merely playing to beat other
       people's high scores) you must locate the  Amulet  of  Yendor
       which  is  somewhere  below the 20th level of the dungeon and
       get it out.  Nobody has achieved this yet; anybody  who  does
       will probably go down in history as a hero among heros.

       When  the  game  ends,  whether  by  your dying, quitting, or
       escaping from the caves, NetHack will give  you  (a  fragment
       of)  the  list  of top scorers.  The scoring is based on many
       aspects of your behavior, but a rough estimate is obtained by
       taking  the amount of gold you've found in the cave plus four
       times your (real) experience.  Precious stones may be worth a
       lot of gold when brought to the exit.  There is a 10% penalty
       for getting yourself killed.

       The environment variable NETHACKOPTIONS can be used  to  ini‐
       tialize  many  run-time  options.   The  ? command provides a
       description of these options and syntax.  (The -dec and  -ibm
       command  line  options  are equivalent to the decgraphics and
       ibmgraphics run-time options described there,  and  are  pro‐
       vided  purely  for convenience on systems supporting multiple
       types of terminals.)

       The -u playername option supplies the answer to the  question
       "Who  are  you?".  It overrides any name from NETHACKOPTIONS,
       HACKOPTIONS, USER, LOGNAME, or getlogin(), which will  other‐
       wise  be  tried in order.  If none of these provides a useful
       name, the player will be asked for  one.   Player  names  (in
       conjunction  with  uids)  are used to identify save files, so
       you can have several saved games under different names.  Con‐
       versely,  you must use the appropriate player name to restore
       a saved game.

       A playername suffix or a separate option consisting of one of
       -A  -B -C -E -H -K -P -R -S -T -V -W can be used to determine
       the character role.  Likewise, -@ can be used  to  explicitly
       request  that  a  random  role  be chosen.  It may need to be
       quoted with a backslash (-\@) if @ is  the  "kill"  character
       (see  "stty")  for the terminal, in order to prevent the cur‐
       rent input line from being cleared.

       The -s option alone will print out the list of your scores on
       the  current version.  An immediately following -v reports on
       all versions present in the score file.  The -s may  also  be
       followed  by arguments -A -B -C -E -H -K -P -R -S -T -V -W to
       print the scores of Archeologists,  Barbarians,  Cave(wo)men,
       Elves,  Healers,  Knights,  Priest(esse)s,  Rogues,  Samurai,
       Tourists, Valkyries, or Wizards.  It may also be followed  by
       one  or  more player names to print the scores of the players
       mentioned, by 'all' to print out all scores, or by  a  number
       to print that many top scores.

       The  -n  option suppresses printing of any news from the game

       The -D or -X option will start the game  in  a  special  non-
       scoring  discovery  mode.  -D will, if the player is the game
       administrator, start in debugging (wizard) mode instead.

       The -d option,  which  must  be  the  first  argument  if  it
       appears,  supplies a directory which is to serve as the play‐
       ground.  It overrides the value from NETHACKDIR, HACKDIR,  or
       the directory specified by the game administrator during com‐
       pilation (usually /usr/games/lib/nethackdir).  This option is
       usually  only  useful  to  the game administrator.  The play‐
       ground must contain several  auxiliary  files  such  as  help
       files, the list of top scorers, and a subdirectory save where
       games are saved.

       Jay Fenlason (+ Kenny Woodland, Mike  Thome  and  Jon  Payne)
       wrote  the  original  hack, very much like rogue (but full of

       Andries Brouwer continuously deformed their sources  into  an
       entirely different game.

       Mike  Stephenson  has  continued  the  perversion of sources,
       adding various warped character classes  and  sadistic  traps
       with the help of many strange people who reside in that place
       between the worlds, the Usenet Zone.  A number of these  mis‐
       creants  are  immortalized in the historical roll of dishonor
       and various other places.

       The resulting mess is  now  called  NetHack,  to  denote  its
       development  by  the  Usenet.   Andries Brouwer has made this
       request for the distinction, as he may eventually  release  a
       new version of his own.

       All     files     are    in    the    playground,    normally
       /usr/games/lib/nethackdir.  If DLB  was  defined  during  the
       compile,  the  data files and special levels will be inside a
       larger file, normally nhdat, instead of being separate files.
       nethack                     The program itself.
       data, oracles, rumors       Data files used by NetHack.
       options, quest.dat          More data files.
       help, hh                    Help data files.
       cmdhelp, opthelp, wizhelp   More help data files.
       *.lev                       Predefined special levels.
       dungeon                     Control file for special levels.
       history                     A short history of NetHack.
       license                     Rules governing redistribution.
       record                      The list of top scorers.
       logfile                     An extended list of games
       xlock.nnn                   Description of a dungeon level.
       perm                        Lock file for xlock.dd.
       bonesDD.nn                  Descriptions of the ghost and
                                   belongings of a deceased
       save                        A subdirectory containing the
                                   saved games.

       USER or LOGNAME      Your login name.
       HOME                 Your home directory.
       SHELL                Your shell.
       TERM                 The type of your terminal.
       HACKPAGER or PAGER   Replacement for default pager.
       MAIL                 Mailbox file.
       MAILREADER           Replacement for default reader
                            (probably /bin/mail or /usr/ucb/mail).
       NETHACKDIR           Playground.
       NETHACKOPTIONS       String predefining several NetHack

       In addition, SHOPTYPE is used in debugging (wizard) mode.

       dgn_comp(6), lev_comp(6), recover(6)

       Probably infinite.

       Dungeons & Dragons is a Trademark of TSR Inc.

4th Berkeley Distribution   10 March 1996                 NETHACK(6)
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