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perl-Language-XS - Write XS code on the fly and load it dynamically…  more info»


    Language::XS - Write XS code on the fly and load it dynamically.

      use Language::XS;

    This module allows C & XS-code creation "on-the-fly", i.e. while your
    script is running.

    Here is a very simple example:

     # create a Language::XS-object
     my $xs = new Language::XS cachedir => undef;
     # add plain C to the header
     $xs->hdr("#include <stdio.h>");
     # add a c function (not using xs syntax)
     $xs->cfun('printf ("I was called with %d arguments\n", items);');

     # now compile and find the code-reference
     my $coderef = $xs->find;
     # Now call it
     $coderef->(1, "Zwei", 1/3);

  new attr => value, ...
    Creates a new Language::XS object. Known attributes are:

     id             a unique id that woill be shared among all modules
     cachedir       the common directory where shared objects should be cached.
                    set to undef when you want to disable sharing (must be
                    an  absolute path)

    Default values will be supplied when necessary. Two common idioms are:

     $xs = new Language::XS;                        # caching enabled
     $xs = new Language::XS cachedir => undef;      # caching disabled

    Returns true when as shared object with the given id already exists.
    This obviously only makes sense when you gave the module a unique id.

  hdr sourcecode, [id]
    Add "sourcecode" to the header portion. Similar to the header portion of
    an XS module, you can insert any valid C-code here. Most often you'd add
    some include directives, though.

    "id" can be used to identify this portion (for error messages).

  cfun functionbody, [id], [prototype]
    Adds a XS function whose body is given in "functionbody". Unlike XS, you
    have to do argument processing (i.e. fiddling with ST(0)) yourself. "id"
    specifies the function name (for "find()" or error messages), and can be
    omitted (which results in a default name).

    "prototype" is an optional string that specifies the perl protoype.
    Remember that only the parser will evaluate prototypes.

  xsfun xs-source
    Similar to "cfun", but is able to parse normal XS syntax (most of it,
    that is). Pity that I haven't yet implemented this function, since that
    would require serious recoding of "xsubpp".

  uselib lib...
    Link against all the libraries given as arguments. The libraries should
    be specified as strings of the form "-llibrary". Additional search paths
    can be given using "-L/path/to/libs". See ExtUtils::Liblist.

  incpath path...
    Add additional include paths. These paths are prepended to the other
    include paths.

    Create the shared object file. This method is called automatically by
    "load" and even by "find". This function returns a truth status and
    fills the messages attribute (see "messages") with any compiler/linker
    warnings or errors.

    Returns the compiler messages (created & updated by "gen").

    Tries to load the shared object, generating it if necessary. Returns a
    truth status.

  find [id]
    Find the function (either xs or c) with id "id" and return a code-ref to
    it. If "id" is omitted, the default function (see "cfun") is returned
    instead. If no shared object is loaded, calls "load".

    Requires a C compiler (or even worse: the same C compiler perl was
    compiled with).

    Does (most probably) not work on many os's, especially non-unix ones.

    You cannot yet use normal XS syntax.

    Line number handling could be better.

    Marc Lehmann <>.


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