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rdesktop - RDP client for Windows NT/2000 Terminal Server…  more info»


rdesktop(1)                                              rdesktop(1)

       rdesktop - Remote Desktop Protocol client

       rdesktop [options] server[:port]

       rdesktop  is a client for Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP), used
       in a number of Microsoft products including Windows NT Termi‐
       nal  Server, Windows 2000 Server, Windows XP and Windows 2003

       -u <username>
              Username for authentication on the server.

       -d <domain>
              Domain for authentication.

       -s <shell>
              Startup shell for the user - starts a specific  appli‐
              cation instead of Explorer.

       -c <directory>
              The  initial  working  directory  for the user.  Often
              used in combination with -s to set up  a  fixed  login

       -p <password>
              The password to authenticate with.  Note that this may
              have no effect if  "Always  prompt  for  password"  is
              enabled  on  the  server.   WARNING:  if you specify a
              password on the command line  it  may  be  visible  to
              other  users when they use tools like ps.  Use -p - to
              make rdesktop request  a  password  at  startup  (from
              standard input).

       -n <hostname>
              Client   hostname.   Normally  rdesktop  automatically
              obtains the hostname of the client.

       -k <keyboard-map>
              Keyboard layout to emulate.  This  requires  a  corre‐
              sponding  keymap  file  to be installed.  The standard
              keymaps provided with rdesktop follow the RFC1766 nam‐
              ing scheme: a language code followed by a country code
              if necessary - e.g.  en-us, en-gb, de, fr, sv, etc.

              The default keyboard map depends on the current locale
              (LC_*  and LANG environment variables). If the current
              locale is unknown, the default keyboard map  is  en-us
              (a US English keyboard).

              The  keyboard  maps  are  file names, which means that
              they are case sensitive. The standard keymaps are  all
              in lowercase.

              The  keyboard maps are searched relative to the direc‐
              tories $HOME/.rdesktop/keymaps, KEYMAP_PATH (specified
              at  build  time), and $CWD/keymaps, in this order. The
              keyboard-map argument can also be  an  absolute  file‐

              The special value `none' can be used instead of a key‐
              board map.  In this  case,  rdesktop  will  guess  the
              scancodes from the X11 event key codes using an inter‐
              nal mapping method.  This  method  only  supports  the
              basic  alphanumeric  keys and may not work properly on
              all platforms so its use is discouraged.

       -g <geometry>
              Desktop geometry (WxH). If  geometry  is  the  special
              word "workarea", the geometry will be fetched from the
              extended window manager hints property  _NET_WORKAREA,
              from  the root window. The geometry can also be speci‐
              fied as a percentage of the  whole  screen,  e.g.  "-g

       -f     Enable  fullscreen  mode.   This  overrides the window
              manager and causes the rdesktop window to fully  cover
              the current screen.  Fullscreen mode can be toggled at
              any time using Ctrl-Alt-Enter.

       -b     Force the server to send  screen  updates  as  bitmaps
              rather than using higher-level drawing operations.

       -A     Enable  SeamlessRDP.  In this mode, rdesktop creates a
              X11 window for each window on the  server  side.  This
              mode  requires  the SeamlessRDP server side component,
              which is  available  from‐
              lessrdp/.   When using this option, you should specify
              a startup shell which launches the desired application
              through SeamlessRDP.

              Example: rdesktop -A -s 'seamlessrdpshell notepad'.

       -B     Use  the  BackingStore  of  the Xserver instead of the
              integrated one in rdesktop.

       -e     Disable encryption.  This option is only  needed  (and
              will  only  work)  if  you have a French version of NT

       -E     Disable encryption from client to server.  This  sends
              an  encrypted  login packet, but everything after this
              is unencrypted (including interactive logins).

       -m     Do not send mouse motion  events.   This  saves  band‐
              width,  although some Windows applications may rely on
              receiving mouse motion.

       -C     Use private colourmap.  This will improve colour accu‐
              racy  on an 8-bit display, but rdesktop will appear in
              false colour when not focused.

       -D     Hide window manager decorations, by using MWM hints.

       -K     Do not  override  window  manager  key  bindings.   By
              default  rdesktop  attempts to grab all keyboard input
              when it is in focus.

       -S <button size>
              Enable single application mode.  This  option  can  be
              used when running a single, maximized application (via
              -s). When the minimize button of the windows  applica‐
              tion  is  pressed,  the  rdesktop  window is minimized
              instead  of  the   remote   application.   The   maxi‐
              mize/restore button is disabled. For this to work, you
              must specify the correct button size, in  pixels.  The
              special word "standard" means 18 pixels.

       -T <title>
              Sets  the  window  title.  The title must be specified
              using an UTF-8 string.

       -N     Enable numlock syncronization between the Xserver  and
              the  remote RDP session.  This is useful with applica‐
              tions that looks at the numlock state, but might cause
              problems with some Xservers like Xvnc.

       -X <windowid>
              Embed  rdesktop-window in another window. The windowid
              is expected to be decimal or hexadecimal (prefixed  by

       -a <bpp>
              Sets the colour depth for the connection (8, 15, 16 or
              24).  More than 8 bpp are only supported when connect‐
              ing  to Windows XP (up to 16 bpp) or newer.  Note that
              the colour depth may also be  limited  by  the  server
              configuration.  The  default value is the depth of the
              root window.

       -z     Enable compression of the RDP datastream.

       -x <experience>
              Changes default bandwidth  performance  behaviour  for
              RDP5.  By  default  only  theming  is enabled, and all
              other options are disabled (corresponding to modem (56
              Kbps)). Setting experience to b[roadband] enables menu
              animations and full window dragging.  Setting  experi‐
              ence  to l[an] will also enable the desktop wallpaper.
              Setting experience to m[odem] disables all  (including
              themes).  Experience  can also be a hexidecimal number
              containing the flags.

       -P     Enable caching of bitmaps to disk  (persistent  bitmap
              caching).  This  generally improves performance (espe‐
              cially on low bandwidth connections) and reduces  net‐
              work  traffic  at  the cost of slightly longer startup
              and some disk space.  (10MB for 8-bit colour, 20MB for
              15/16-bit colour and 30MB for 24-bit colour sessions)

       -r <device>
              Enable  redirection  of  the  specified  device on the
              client, such that it appears on the server. Note  that
              the  allowed  redirections  may  be  restricted by the
              server configuration.

              Following devices are currently supported:

       -r comport:<comport>=<device>,...
              Redirects serial devices on your client to the server.
              Note  that  if  you need to change any settings on the
              serial device(s),  do  so  with  an  appropriate  tool
              before  starting  rdesktop. In most OSes you would use
              stty. Bidirectional/Read support requires  Windows  XP
              or  newer.  In Windows 2000 it will create a port, but
              it's not seamless, most shell programs will  not  work
              with it.

       -r disk:<sharename>=<path>,...
              Redirects  a  path to the share \\tsclient\<sharename>
              on the server (requires  Windows  XP  or  newer).  The
              share name is limited to 8 characters.

       -r lptport:<lptport>=<device>,...
              Redirects  parallel  devices  on  your  client  to the
              server.  Bidirectional/Read support  requires  Windows
              XP  or  newer.  In Windows 2000 it will create a port,
              but it's not seamless, most shell  programs  will  not
              work with it.

       -r printer:<printername>[=<driver>],...
              Redirects a printer queue on the client to the server.
              The <printername> is the name of  the  queue  in  your
              local  system. <driver> defaults to a simple PS-driver
              unless you specify one. Keep in mind that you  need  a
              100%  match  in  the server environment, or the driver
              will fail. The first printer on the command line  will
              be set as your default printer.

       -r sound:[local|off|remote]
              Redirects sound generated on the server to the client.
              "remote" only has any effect when you connect  to  the
              console  with  the  -0 option. (Requires Windows XP or

       -r lspci
              Activates the lspci channel, which allows  the  server
              to  enumerate  the  clients  PCI devices. See the file
              lspci-channel.txt in the documentation for more infor‐

       -r scard[:<Scard Name>=<Alias Name>[;<Vendor Name>][,...]]
              Enables  redirection  of  one or more smart-cards. You
              can provide static name binding between linux and win‐
              dows.  To  do  this you can use optional parameters as
              described: <Scard Name> - device  name  in  Linux/Unix
              enviroment,  <Alias  Name> - device name shown in Win‐
              dows enviroment <Vendor Name> - optional device vendor
              name. For list of examples run rdesktop without param‐

       -0     Attach to the console of the server (requires  Windows
              Server 2003 or newer).

       -4     Use RDP version 4.

       -5     Use RDP version 5 (default).

       Main website of rdesktop

                            November 2005                rdesktop(1)
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