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uni2ascii - UTF-8 to 7-bit ASCII and vice versa converter…  more info»

ascii2uni.1.gz

ascii2uni(1)                                            ascii2uni(1)



NAME
       ascii2uni - convert 7-bit ASCII representations to UTF-8 Uni‐
       code

SYNOPSIS
       ascii2uni [options] (<input file name>)

DESCRIPTION
       ascii2uni converts various  7-bit  ASCII  representations  to
       UTF-8.   It  reads  from the standard input and writes to the
       standard output. The representations  understood  are  listed
       below  under the command line options. If no format is speci‐
       fied, standard hexadecimal format (e.g. 0x00e9) is assumed.

COMMAND LINE OPTIONS
       -a <format> Convert from the specified format. Formats may be
       specified  by means of the following arbitrary single charac‐
       ter codes, by means of names such as "SGML_decimal",  and  by
       examples of the desired format.

              A  Convert hexadecimal numbers with prefix U in angle-
              brackets (<U00E9>).

              B Convert \x-escaped hex (e.g. \x00E9)

              C Convert \x escaped  hexadecimal  numbers  in  braces
              (e.g. \x{00E9}).

              D  Convert  decimal  HTML numeric character references
              (e.g. é)

              E Convert hexadecimal with prefix U (U00E9).

              F Convert hexadecimal with prefix u (u00E9).

              G Convert hexadecimal in single quotes with  prefix  X
              (e.g. X'00E9').

              H  Convert  hexadecimal  HTML numeric character refer‐
              ences (e.g. é)

              I Convert hexadecimal UTF-8 with each byte's hex  pre‐
              ceded  by an =-sign (e.g. =C3=A9) . This is the Quoted
              Printable format defined by RFC 2045.

              J Convert hexadecimal UTF-8 with each byte's hex  pre‐
              ceded  by  a  %-sign  (e.g.  %C3%A9). This is the URI‐
              escape format defined by RFC 2396.

              K Convert octal UTF-8 with  each  byte  escaped  by  a
              backslash (e.g.  \303\251)

              L  Convert  \U-escaped hex outside the BMP, \u-escaped
              hex within the BMP (U+0000-U+FFFF).

              M Convert hexadecimal SGML  numeric  character  refer‐
              ences (e.g. \#xE9;)

              N  Convert  decimal  SGML numeric character references
              (e.g. \#233;)

              O Convert octal escapes for the  three  low  bytes  in
              big-endian order(e.g. \000\000\351))

              P  Convert  hexadecimal  numbers  with prefix U+ (e.g.
              U+00E9)

              Q Convert HTML character entities (e.g. é).

              R Convert raw hexadecimal numbers (e.g. 00E9)

              S Convert hexadecimal escapes for the three low  bytes
              in big-endian order (e.g. \x00\x00\xE9)

              T  Convert  decimal escapes for the three low bytes in
              big-endian order (e.g. \d000\d000\d233)

              U  Convert  \u-escaped   hexadecimal   numbers   (e.g.
              \u00E9).

              V Convert \u-escaped decimal numbers (e.g. \u00233).

              X Convert standard hexadecimal numbers (e.g. 0x00E9).

              Y  Convert all three types of HTML escape: hexadecimal
              and decimal character references and  character  enti‐
              ties.

              0  Convert  hexadecimal  UTF-8  with  each  byte's hex
              enclosed within angle brackets (e.g.  <C3><A9>).

              1 Convert Common Lisp format hexadecimal numbers (e.g.
              #x00E9).

              2  Convert  Perl  format decimal numbers with prefix v
              (e.g. v233).

              3 Convert hexadecimal  numbers  with  prefix  $  (e.g.
              $00E9).

              4  Convert  Postscript format hexadecimal numbers with
              prefix 16# (e.g. 16#00E9).

              5 Convert Common Lisp format hexadecimal numbers  with
              prefix #16r (e.g. #16r00E9).

              6  Convert  ADA format hexadecimal numbers with prefix
              16# and suffix # (e.g. 16#00E9#).

              7 Convert Apache log  format  hexadecimal  UTF-8  with
              each  byte's  hex  preceded  by  a  backslash-x  (e.g.
              \xC3\xA9).

              8 Convert Microsoft OOXML format  hexadecimal  numbers
              with prefix _x and suffix _ (e.g. _x00E9_).

              9   Convert   %\u-escaped  hexadecimal  numbers  (e.g.
              %\u00E9).

       -h     Help. Print the usage message and exit.

       -v     Print program version information and exit.

       -m     Accept deprecated HTML entities  lacking  final  semi‐
              colon, e.g.  "é" in place of "é".

       -p     Pure.  Assume  that  the  input  consists  entirely of
              escapes except for arbitrary (but non-null) amounts of
              separating whitespace.

       -q     Be quiet. Do not chat unnecessarily.


       -Z <format>
              Convert  input  using  the supplied format. The format
              specified will be used as the format string in a  call
              to  sscanf(3)  with  a single argument consisting of a
              pointer to an unsigned long integer. For  example,  to
              obtain  the same results as with the -U flag, the for‐
              mat would be: \u%04X.

       If  the  format  is  Quoted-Printable,  although  it  is  not
       strictly  speaking  conversion of an ASCII escape to Unicode,
       in accordance with RFC 2045, if an equal-sign occurs  at  the
       end of an input line, both the equal-sign and the immediately
       following newline are skipped.

       All options that  accept  hexadecimal  input  recognize  both
       upper- and lower-case hexadecimal digits.


EXIT STATUS
       The following values are returned on exit:


       0 SUCCESS
              The input was successfully converted.


       3 INFO The  user  requested  information  such as the version
              number or usage synopsis and this has been provided.


       5 BAD OPTION
              An incorrect option flag  was  given  on  the  command
              line.


       7 OUT OF MEMORY
              Additional memory was unsuccessfully requested.


       8 BAD RECORD
              An ill-formed record was detected in the input.



SEE ALSO
       uni2ascii(1)


AUTHOR
       Bill Poser <billposer@alum.mit.edu>

LICENSE
       GNU General Public License



                            August, 2009                ascii2uni(1)
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